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Research status of MAPs in Nepal
Learn medicinal and aromatic plants with Braimy- B.Sc Agriculture
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Rosemary - Wikipedia

  • Scientific name: Rosmarinus officinalis var. officinalis


  • Tropical, Sub-tropical and sub- temperate climate.
  • It can be grown in temperate.
  • A well- drained loamy or sandy loam; rich in organic matters are preferred.


  • Propagation:-Cuttings of the half ripened young shoots.


  • The oil is obtained from freshly harvested twigs, leaves and flowering tops.
  • Dried leaves and flowers are also used for extracting oil from rosemary plants.
  • The whole plants are harvested manually when the flowers are bloomed fully.

Chemical evaluation:

  • The main constituents are pinenes and dipeptene.
  • Besides limonene, camphene, cineol, borneol, linalool, terpineol, P-cymene, octanone. geraniol, bornyl acetate, acetic acid and d-linalool aldehyed.
  • The essential oil content varies from 0.3 to 2.2%
  • Actions:- Analgesic, antimicrobial, anti-oxidant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, fungicidal, hepatic, hypertensive, nervine, parasiticide, stomachic and tonic


  • Flowers are used in medicine as stimulant, diuretic, aperient and emmenagogue (induces menstruation), colitis, neuralgia and debility.
  • The oil is extensively used in soaps, detergents, cosmetics, household sprays and perfumes, especially colognes.
  • Extensively employed in most major food categories, especially meat products, and alcoholic and soft drinks.
  • Dried leaves are used as condiments.
  • Fresh tender tops of these plants are used for garnishing.
  • The oil serves as a source of natural anti-oxidants.

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