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Research status of MAPs in Nepal
Learn medicinal and aromatic plants with Braimy- B.Sc Agriculture
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Bouquet of18 Red Medium Stem Rose Bouquet- Wrapped SUBFC-011

  • Scientific name: Rosa spp


  • Tropical, temperate and sub alpine climate.
  • 2000 – 3600 m. altitude.
  • Optimum temperature 15-20 0C.
  • required during flowering.
  • SA well – drained deep loamy soils, rich in organic matters.
  • But it can be grown a variety of soils having medium salinity.
  • Soil pH 5 to 7.0, water logged soil in not suitable.


  • Propagation: Seeds, cutting, suckers, budding, Inarching.
  • Preparation of land: 1-2 ploughings, 1- harrowing and leveling in needed.
  • The rootstock of R. multiflora, Edourand rose are transplanted in July or August at sites where the budding as to be attempted.
  • The bud rose plants is done during December – February.
  • Cutting should be treated with IBA solution. The cuttings are inserted into the soil or sand from 3rd Nov to February.
  • Preparation of land: 1-2 ploughing, 1 harrowing, and leveling is needed for good cultivation.
  • Planting season:- September – November. For high hills-February – March.
  • Spacing:- 75x60cm : Budded rose plant – 1.25m x 75cm ;climber – 2.25 x 75cm
  • For Pits:- Size – 2 x 2 x2 m .5-10 kg of FYM/Compost . and 3gm of Aldrin to each pit at the time of planting.


  • 20-25 tones / h.- FYM or Compost. 200 : 75 : 75 kg of NPK / ha / Year. Nitrogen is applied to each bush.
  • Application of 50 ppm NAA and 1 percent micronutrient (Agromine) mixture is reported to produce maximun flowers.
  • 2:1:2 parts of Urea. Dihydrogn ammonium phosphate and Potassium phosphate is also beneficial to rose crops a applied in 3 split doses.
  • 1st split dose – After 1st pruning, 2nd split dose. Two years of age at about 1.5m height; 3rd SD – After 3-4 months of 2nd split dose.
  • The ratio 2:4:3: of NPK mixture is prepared and the about 100gm of this mixture may be foliar spray.
  • Spray 0.3% each Zinc sulphate, Magnesium and Manganese sulphate solution as foliar in November and February enhance the blossoming of rose
  • Interculture: Atrazine or Simazine is applied as pre-emergence. Weeding and hoeing needs to be done thoroughly operation for obtaining good yield.
  • The pruning operation should be done once a year during October- November
  • Bordopaste or Blitox should be painted in stem after pruning.
  • Irrigation: 10-12 irrigations/year. Generally irrigation should be done after pruning to flowering stage. In summer – 7days and in winter 10 -15 days intervals.
  • Diseases: Rust, Black spot, Powdery mildew, Dieback- Spray 0.1% malathion or parathion or 5% Aldrin or 0.2% Bavistin paste also used .
  • Insect Pests: Aphids, Thrips, Mites, Rose scales. Termites and Beetles.
  • 2% Roger or Cerathion or Metasystox. Spray schedule of these insecticides.


  • Economical yield of flower is obtain from 3rdyear onward & continue to give high yield up to 10-12 years.
  • Pick up the flowers or cut the pedicles by sickle from the rose plant. Picking should be done early in the morning.
  • Yield: 4000 to 6000kg of flowers/ha. It may go upto 8000-10000kg/h

Chemical evaluation:

  • The principal constituents of the oil are Geraniol and citronellol.
  • Other chemical compounds are nerol, stearopten, phenyl ethanol, farnesol, linalol, eugenol, carvone, rose oxide with many other trace constituents.


  • More than 60 – 80 percent of rose flowers are used for production of Rose Water !
  • Rose water is used as a house hold cosmetics and culinary articles especially in Persian cookery.
  • The concrete, absolute and oil are employed extensively in soaps, cosmetics, toiletries and perfumes.
  • Some flavouring uses, especially fruit products and tobacco.
  • Rose Jam is prepared from rose petals by mixing sugars.
  • Eye lotions, eye drops, syrups, tonic are prepared from rose.
  • It is used in aromatherapy such as conjunctivitis, dry skin, palpitations, hay- fever, nausea, Leucorrhoea, uterine disorders, depression, impotence insomnia and frigidity.

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