Course Content
Research status of MAPs in Nepal
Learn medicinal and aromatic plants with Braimy- B.Sc Agriculture
About Lesson
  • Scientific name: Vetiveria zizanioides Stapf.


  • Tropical and subtropical climate
  • Average annual rainfall 100-200cm.
  • A well- drained rich sandy loam to clayey loam soils.
  • It can be grown river banks and partially undated rich marshy lands.
  • can tolerate prolonged drought and long seasonal flooding.


  • Propagation:- Seeds, Rooted slips
  • Preparation of Land:- Deep ploughing, one harrowing and leveling is preferred.
  • Sowing Season:- Seeds are sown in N.B. – May- June.
  • Rooted slips planted in the main field – July – August.
  • Seed Rate:- 1-1.5kg of seeds/hec.
  • Spacing:- Rx P = 60×30/45cm.or 50 x 25. or 60 x50cm.


  • Manures and Fertilizers:- 15-20 tones FYM /compost / ha. 60:30:30kg of NPK/ha
  • Interculture:- 2-4 weeding and hoeing. 2 months after planting earthing up is done to make ridge and furrow
  • Irrigation- 2—3 Irrigations or even more, if necessary.


  • The aerial parts are first cut off at a length of 15 to 20 cm and are removed.
  • The root clumps are then dug out and beaten.
  • The soil is further dug out up to a depth of 1m.
  • The roots are cleaned and dried in shade for a week.


  • 4-6 tones of fresh roots /ha. and 25-30kg of oil/h.
  • Good quality dried roots yield 1.5 to 3% volatile oil and fresh roots give 0.6 to 1.0% oil.

Chemical evaluation:

  • The principal constituents are ‘Vetiverol’ and Vetivone.
  • The oil also contains vetiverone, vetiverols, vetivernyl, vetivernate, vetivene, palmitic acid and benzoic acid.


  • Antiseptic, antispasmodic, sedative, stimulant, tonic and vermifuge (expels intestinal worms.)


  • Vetiver oil is very valuable and widely used in scenting of soaps, cosmetics and perfumes.
  • It is used as a natural fixative.
  • The oil is suitable for blending with Patchouly, Jasmine, Lavender, Sandal wood, Rose and Ylang Ylang oil.
  • They are employed for flavouring cold drinks.
  • The roots possess medicinal properties as tonic, refrigerant, Stimulant etc.
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