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Learn Introductory plant breeding with Braimy- B.Sc agriculture
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  • Some characters are little affected by other genes, i.e. the genetic back ground, or the environment.
  • Such characters are generally governed by one or few genes with large, easily detectable effects, such genes are known as oligogenes.
  • The characters produced by oligogenes show distinct classes and are known as qualitative characters or oligogenic traits.
  • The development of many characters is very much affected by the genetic background and, more particularly, by the environment.
  • These characters are governed by several genes with small individual effects; these genes one known as polygenes.
  • The characters produced by polygenes are referred to as quantitative characters, because they do not show clear -cut classes and have to be studied by measurement. They are also called Polygenic traits since they are governed by polygenes.
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