Crop physiology can be discussed under the following aspects :
- Physical aspects: biophysical phenomenon, soil water relation, absorption and translocation of water, transpiration, ascent of sap, guttation etc.
- Metabolic aspects: enzymatic activities, photosynthesis, respiration, carbohydrate, protein, lipids and nitrate metabolism.
- Growth and development aspects: seed dormancy, vernalization, photoperiodism, seed germination, growth and development, growth hormones, flowering, senescence.
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