a) Monoclonal antibody: Antibodies derived from single parent cell and are specific for a particular location in body.
b) DNA Probes: Single strand of DNA to detect complementary sequence of nucleic acid.
c) Antibiotics: Drugs to treat bacterial infection.
d) Interferon: Signaling protein produced by host cell in response to presence of pathogen to heighten anti-viral defenses.
e) Micropropagation: Propagation of plant through tissue culture and growing them out.
f) Electrophoresis: Separation and analysis of macromolecules and their fragment using electrical charges.
g) Southern blotting: Procedure for identifying specific sequence of DNA.
h) Hybridoma: Biological tool for achieving complete immunization of human body for infection.
i) Micropropagation: Propagation of plant through tissue culture and planting them out.
j) Chimeric: Hybrid containing character from other gene/ species and replicate exactly same as the host genome.
k) Hybrid sorting: Selecting superior plants among haploid derived from F1 through anther culture.
l) Asymmetric hybrid: Obtain half character from both parents.
m) Symmetric hybrid: Gain character from one but loss other completely.
n) Cybrid: Formed by fusion of cytoplasm. Nuclear gene from one but cytoplasm from both.
o) Chimerism: Cell containing more than one genotype growing to adjacent tissue. It may be sectoral and periclinal.