- Three main functional character of biodiversity includes:
a) Genetic biodiversity
b) Species biodiversity:
c) Ecosystem biodiversity:
A. Genetic Biodiversity:
- Refers to variation of genes and or genomes within living organism.
- If a species is to survive, it needs some genetic diversity.
B. Species biodiversity:
- Species refers to a population of organism whose members are able to interbred freely under natural conditions.
- Species diversity is used to describe the frequency and variety of species in the globe.
C. Ecosystem biodiversity:
- Refers to the variety of habitats, biotic communities and their change in composition and structure over time and ecological processes in the biosphere.
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