Course Content
Diversity, classification, and nomenclature of cultivated plants, weeds, microbes, and insect-pests
Centers of diversity of crops and wild genetic diversity
Learn introductory biotechnology and biodiversity with Braimy- B.Sc Agriculture
About Lesson

a) Production of commercial products of higher economic value

  • Pharmaceuticals: Antibiotics, Steroids, proteins, Vaccines etc.
  • Organic acids: Lactic acid, citric acid, etc.
  • Amino acids
  • Enzymes: Alpha amylase, proteases, lipases, etc.
  • Organic Solvents
  • Bio fuel and bio gas
  • Alcoholic beverages (Beer, Wine, Whiskey….)
  • Green Plastics

b) Production of SCP from bacteria, yeast, fungi or algae for human or animal feed as supplement

c) Production of immune toxins

d) Mineral extraction

e) Antibiotic production:


Bacteria used


Streptomyces chrysogenum


S. griseus


S. fradiae


S. erythreus

f. Animal biotechnology

  • In vitro fertilization, induced superovulation, transgenic animals, embryo transfer technology.

g. Environmental biotechnology

  • Sewage treatment, deodorization of human excreta, transgenic animals, Embryo transfer technology.
  • Deals with processes to make the environment clean and safe for beneficial use.

h. Plant biotechnology

  • Embryo culture, micropropagation, production of virus free stocks, cryo-preservation.

i. Healthcare biotechnology:

  • Deals with application of biological organism or processes to manufacturing antibodies, DNA probes, drugs, vaccines and other beneficial products that are useful to human and animal health.
  • Majorly deals with immunology.

j. Agricultural biotechnology:

  • Deals with application of cells biological and molecular biological techniques and achievements in agricultural plants with economic aims.
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