- Water pollution is the presence of harmful materials in water, such as sewage, dissolved metals, waste from farms and factories and crude oil spilled from shipwrecked tankers.
- Water pollution involves any contaminated water, whether from chemical, particulate, or bacterial matter that degrades the water’s quality and purity.
Causes of water pollution include:
- Increased sediment from soil erosion
- Improper waste disposal and littering
- Leaching of soil pollution into water supplies
- Organic material decay in water supplies
Effects of water pollution include:
- decreasing the quantity of drinkable water available,
- lowering water supplies for crop irrigation, and
- Impacting fish and wildlife populations that require water of certain purity for survival.
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