Course Content
Terminology related to human nutrition
Relation of food and nutrition to health
Anti nutritional factors present in common foods
Nutritional deficiency diseases in developing countries and their prevention measures
Learn applied human nutrition with Braimy – B.Sc Agriculture
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  1. Acidosis: accumulation of acids, excess loss of bicarbonates.

  1. Acetyl CoA: chief precursors of lipid, imp intermediate of kreb’s cycle.

  1. Alkalosis: reduction of acids or increase of base

  1. Basal metabolism: energy needed by body for maintainance when the person is at physical, digestive and emotional rest.

  1. Beri-beri: d/s of peripheral nerves caused by Thiamin deficiency

  1. Beta-oxidation: breaking down fatty acids into 2-carbon fragments of acetyl-CoA residue.

  1. Cheilosis: swelling and reddening of lips.

  1. Cholesterol: fat related compound, a sterol, normal constituent of bile and principle constituent of gall stone, precurssor of sex hormones and adrenal corticoids, synthesized by liver.

  1. Chyme: semisolid fluid mass after gastric digestion.

10.Diuretics: agents that promote urine excretion.

  1. EAA: indespensible to life and growth, must supplied through diet.

  1. EFA: fatty acid necessary to body i.e. linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic.

  1. Gastritis: infalmmation of stomach.

  1. Geophagia: clay eating

  1. Glossitis: swollen and reddening of toungue, due to riboflavin deficiency.

  1. Glycosuria: high concn. Of glucose in urine.

  1. Goiter: inflammation of thyroid gland due to lack of iodine to produce thyroxin.

  1. Hematuria: blood in urine.

  1. Haemopoiesis: formation of blood.

  1. Keratinization: epithelial cell slough off, dry, flattened, harden, form rough horny scale due to vit. A deficienct, mostly in; resp., digest., genito-urinary tract and skin.

  1. Kwashiworker: syndrome by protein deficiency

  1. Malnutrition: syndrome due to poor diets, over eating.

  1. Metabolism: production of energy for functioning.

  1. Myoglobin: m/s protein that contains iron.

  1. Obesity: excessive adipose t/s, more than required for body function


  1. Neoplasm: new or abnormal growth.

  1. Night blindness: inability to see at night due to lack of vit. A.

  1. Oligouria: reduced amount of urine in comparison to water intake.

  1. Osteomalacia: bone softening, due to impair mineral uptake, due to calcium and vit. D Deficiency.

  1. Pellegra: due to lack of niacin, and amino acid tryptophan (precursors of niacin) i.e. 3D d/s (dermatitis, diarrhoea, dementis/death).

  1. Xeropthalmia: cornea and conjuctiva becomes dry.

  1. Tetany: caused by abnormal Ca-metabolism.

  1. Wilson d/s: hereditary d/s, copper absorbed in brain liver and liver t/s.

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