- Also known as FMD, Apthous fever and tiger heart disease.
- Acute viral disease.
- Formation of vesicles in the foot and mouth.
- Characterized by fever, vesicles and conjunctivitis.
- Apthovirus or picorna virus ( Picornaviridae family)
- Mostly affects cattle, swine, sheep, goat, etc.
- Virus can cause severe lesions on the myocardium of young animals, leading to high mortality rate.
b) Epidemiology of disease:
- Limited no. of infective particle can initiate host infection.
- Inhalation of infected droplets or fomites.
- Ingestion of contaminated food and water.
- Mechanically by human and animals.
- Main route of virus entry: Respiratory tract
c) Diagnosis of disease:
- Virus isolation, Sandwich ELISA, Multiplex PCR, Indirect ELISA and realtime PCR.
- Fever ( 10.-105 0F)
- Viscous salivation
- Blisters formation in the mouth
- Blister rupture within 24 hrs causing raw and painful ulcers.
- Treatment of mouth lesions by antiseptic mouth wash.
- Treatment of foot lesions by antiseptic dressing ( 2% CuSO4 solution)
- Apply antiseptic ointment locally to relieve local severe burning pain.
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