Nepal is facing serious environmental degradation and challenge due to poverty, lack of economic and technical alternatives on a limited resource. Awareness has been initiated among policy makers and public sectors on detrimental
effects of environmental degradation in Nepal.
• Adoption of National Conservation Strategy (1988), HMG/IUCN, 1988).
• Implementation of series of national, sectoral and sub-sectoral plans and
projects; creation of number of conservation related institutions.
a)Eight Five Year Plan- more concern in environmental issues
b)Master Plan for Forestry, Irrigation, Livestock and Horticulture
c)Agriculture Perspective Plan – 20 years (1994/95 to 2014/15)
d)National Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines
e)Establishment of additional protected areas and National parks
f)Creation of Ministry of Population and Environment and National Environmental Protection Council
g) Most of the INGO/NGOs are focusing on environmental protection and creating public awareness about the environmental issues and moving protecting actions.