- The existing laws, covers almost all sectors related to environment.
- They are basically in the areas of land use, forest, water, mining, cultural heritage, occupational health and noise pollution, etc.
- Last but not least, the enactment of Environmental protection Act, 1996 and the enactment of Environment Protection Regulations, 1997, are the important umbrella types of achievements that are comprehensive enough to implement protection activities and control pollution loads.
Following are the some of the Acts in National legislation on protecting resources:
- Nepal Trust for Nature Conservation Act, 1982, aims to protect natural resources against damage.
- The Mine and Mineral Act, 1985, has made the provisions of prohibiting the use of gases that may cause atmospheric pollution.
- The Soil Conservation and Management Act, 1982, has led down the protection and utilization measures of land, natural resources and watersheds.
- The Water Resources Act, 1992 prohibits any acts that may pollute water resources and maintains tat the utilization of resources should be made without causing any considerable damage to the environment through soil erosion, landslides, etc.
- The Pesticides Act, 1991, has made guidelines regarding import, export, production and use of pesticides which needs prior government approval.
- The Forest Act, 1992, the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1973, are related with the objectives of protecting forest and wildlife.
- The ICIMOD Act, 1983, supports as the problems of Himalayan countries and recommends necessary actions to concern governments.
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